>>>>>>According to World Health Organization, infertility is a disease of the reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. (WHO-ICMART glossary1). According to the Centers for Disease Control, 1/3 of the time the diagnosis is due to female infertility, 1/3 of the time it is linked to male infertility, and the remaining cases of infertility are due to a combination of factors from both partners. Couples may be said to be infertile after one year of unprotected sexual intercourse. Infertility can be of two types which include primary and secondary infertility.
>>>>>Primary infertility: This may be defined as the woman's inability to give birth to a child after a period of engagement in unprotected sexual intercourse. Also World Health Organization stated that women whose pregnancy spontaneously miscarries, or whose pregnancy results in a still born child, without ever having had a live birth would present with primarily infertility.
>>>>>Secondary infertility: The inability of a woman to give birth to a child after a period of engagement in sexual intercourse following the previous pregnancy. According to W H O, those who repeatedly spontaneously miscarry or whose pregnancy results in a stillbirth, or following a previous pregnancy or a previous ability to do so, are then not unable to carry a pregnancy to a live birth would present with secondarily infertile.
Female infertility can be caused by many factors >>>>>
- Blockage to the Fallopian tube>>>>Fallopian tubeprovid e safe passage for the eggs to travel
from your ovaries to your uterus. However, it can be blocked due to some infections such as
- pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
- Endometiosis>>>>>This is the growing of uterine-lining outside the uterus usually in the pelvic structures and other parts of the body.The symptoms may include lower abdominal pains and a heavy flow during menstration.
- Hormonal problem>>>>>>Female fertility is a biological process regulated by female hormones.
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease>>>>>This is the inflammation of the women's reproductive organs such as the pelvic area. This may be caused by bacteria which is often transmitted through sexual intercourse.
- Damage to the uterus (womb)>>>>>>> Fibroid can cause blockage to the Fallopian tube and uterus. Also during surgery, there may be damage to the uterus which may lead to infertility.
- Age related factor>>>>Age affects women's fertility. This sis known as a woman's "biological clock". It is when woman's ability to conceive begins to decrease.
- Ovulation problem such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)>>>>>>It is a disease that affects the woman's reproductive which may lead to infertility. It usually sets in with the woman age.
<<<<<TREATMENT>>>>>Treatment depends on the cause of the infertility. However, some infertility can not be corrected such as age related infertility problem. Treatment option is based on option
- medicines to assist fertility such as Clomifene
- surgical procedures
- assisted conception such as Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Intrauterine insemination (IUI)