Friday, 5 February 2016

Understanding Athritis>>>>>>



>>>>>>>Arthritis is a medical condition that is characterized by inflammation of the joints. It can also produce effect such as swelling and stiffness of the joint.
>>>It affects all ages and it tends to affect the female more than the male. It is commonly a degenerative disease (sets in at old age ). Arthritis are of different kinds but all have all most the same symptoms. The most common form of arthritis is Osteoarthritis. Other forms of arthritis  are Rheumatoid arthritis, Gout ,  and Septic arthritis. Arthritis can be acute which may be treated with antibiotics and can assume a chronic form.
  Osteoarthritis (OA)>>>>This is the most common chronic form of arthritis. The disease mostly affect older people (from 50 and above), thus, it is often referred to as degenerative joint disease and it is usually non-inflammatory. Osteoarthritis typically affects the weight-bearing joints, such as the back, knee and hip and it can be due to damage to the cartilage. It can be caused by a number of problem such as injuries to the joints, obesity or joint stress due to every dad activities (wear and tear).
Image result for pics of arthritis patient
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)>>>>This form of arthritis is often inflammatory and affects the joint and tendon. RA often affects joints in the fingers, wrists, knees. In RA, the joint become inflamed, and his causes the muscles surrounding the joints to stiffen and weaken and the tendons, which attach muscles to bone or to other muscles, to tighten. As a result, joints may contract or change shape and patients may eventually lose mobility. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease (a disorder in which the body attacks it’s own tissues).  Researchers believe that a combination of genetics and environmental factors such as can trigger autoimmunity.
Gout >>>>This is often caused by the deposition of sodium urate crystals in the joint and tendons. The acid can form needle-like crystals in a joint and cause sudden, severe episodes of pain, tenderness, redness, warmth and swelling. Gout is usually common in male than female.There are also other types.
<<<<SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ARTHRITIS>>>>The main symptom of arthritis is joint pains because of the inflammation. It also includes swelling of the joint and the stiffness of the joint. It can also produce other symptoms such as Malaise, Weight loss and Muscle aches. The patient may also experience fatigue. 

Image result for pics of arthritis patient<<<<DIAGNOSIS>>>>>This can be done through conducting medical examination by the physician: Asking your family medical history will go a lot way to helping the doctor in the diagnosis of arthritis, the doctor also checks for visible signs of swollen joint. This may also be supported with some test such as X-ray to check the condition of the affected part. Some other test may also be used.
<<<TREATMENT>>> There is no known cure for most forms of arthritis. Treatment option may include physio-therapy (light exercises on daily bases), lifestyle modification such as weight loss, no smoking and no or moderate alcohol intake. Anti-inflammatory medication may also be administered to the patient to help reduce the decrease inflammation and slow the progress of the disease.